All posts by Jamie Eastman

Taos Pueblo

Taos pueblo is located in Northern New Mexico in the town of Taos. It considered to be the oldest continuously inhabited community in the USA. The main part of the present buildings were most likely constructed between 1000 and 1450 A.D. The appeared much as they do today when the first Spanish explorers arrived in Northern New Mexico in 1540 and believed that the Pueblo was one of the fabled golden cities of Cibola. The two structures called Hlauuma (north house) and Hlaukwima (south house) are said to be of similar age. (taospueblo.com)

The U.S. government wanted to turn Blue Lake into a National Park. The Pueblo safeguarding the interest and welfare of the people and its water supply would not sell the land to the government. On December 15, 1970, former President Richard M. Nixon signed into affect Public Law 91-550, approved in a bipartisan manner by the United States Congress. In speaking of the Bill’s significance, President Nixon stated, “This is a bill that represents justice, because in 1906 an injustice was done in which land involved in this bill, 48,000 acres, was taken from the Indians involved, the Taos Pueblo Indians. (taospueblo.com)

Approximately 150 people live within the Pueblo full time. Other families own homes in the North or South buildings live in summer homes near their fields, and in more modern homes outside the old walls but still within Pueblo land. There are over 1900 Taos Indians living on Taos Pueblo lands.

Food that has been a part of Taos Pueblo tradition includes squash, beans, corn, blue white and yellow, piñon nuts, blueberries, choke cherries, pumpkin, elk, deer, rabbit, buffalo, oven bread and pies. Most foods mentioned have been consumed by natives and other cultures. The majority of foods may be found in semi dry climates. Many of these foods can be canned or dried. Hunting is a major part of survival for centuries although other tribes have adopted other foods such as red and green chili. White and yellow corn tortillas, red chili and green chili.

Traditional recipes can included Atole, blue corn piñon pancakes, turkey tomatillo tamales, trail mix with piñon and pumpkin seeds. Navajo Fry bread is made with 1 cup flour, 1 tsp baking powder, 1/4 tsp salt, 1/2 milk and shortening to fry. You combine the ingredients and roll out to fry. Place in frying pan with about an inch on shortening.

The powwow is part of a cultural ceremony that developed in the late 1800s. Beginning as tribal gatherings for council and celebrations of a good hunt or harvest in the face of the U.S. government’s efforts to suppress such things, powwows evolved as a way for people of different languages, customs and beliefs to come together in the ways they could all share: dancing, singing and ceremony. Dancers and drum groups vie for significant prize money, competing in a wide variety of styles and ages.

Resources: http://taospueblo.com/about/

Evolution of Basketball by Brandon Mccarson

Basketball has been originated for almost one hundred thirty years. Basketball can be an entertaining sport for some, but not for all. A man named James Naismith was very involved with the origination of basketball. Springfield College was the first university with a basketball team.

James Naismith, is known as the man who originated the sport of basketball. Naismith is a graduated from college in montreal with a degree in theology. After only being a two year graduate, Naismith began showing the passion he had for athletics, as that passion led him to being named to the teaching faculty at Springfield college. At the time, the athletic program of the university was under a relatively unknown academic discipline,under a man named Luther Halsey Gulick. Students were required to stay in shape and perform physical activities while Football and warmer sport seasons were not around, but students weren’t quite motivated with the activities they were doing in class. Gulick assigned Naismith to come up with a new, fun, indoor activity for the students to do in the off-season.

Naismith went to work. His main focus was to create a game that is easy to understand, but somewhat complex to be entertaining. It had to be playable indoors or on any type of ground. It also required multiple players be play at once as well as give the students the exercise they were required to have. The game could not be rough in a confined space due to a threat of many broken bones and bruises.This new game became an adaption of other games of this time, American rugby, which involved passing,  English rugby, which involved the jump ball,  Lacrosse, which involved the use of a goal, and Soccer, which involved the shape of the ball.

As a child Naismith played a game with his childhood buddies. The game was called, “Duck on a rock”. The game necessitated “a goal with a horizontal opening high enough so that the ball would have to be tossed into it, rather than being thrown.” Naismith confronted the university Janitor, wondering if he could hang two 18 inch cardboard boxes at the height of 10 feet each, which just so happened to be the height of each balcony rail. With Cardboard boxes now on each end of the gymnasium, the janitor then attached peach boxes towards the bottoms of each cardboard box to make the goals, they would assign someone at each end to collect the ball from the peach baskets. It wasn’t until a few years later that they would eventually cut the bottoms of the peach baskets for the ball to fall through the basket. Basketball officially became a sport in the year 1905.

Finally, basketball has evolved much more since the early 1900’s. The rules are much more advanced now from then. As well as the type of ball and goals that they use.

Evolution of Basketball

Source(s):

https://springfield.edu/where-basketball-was-invented-the-birthplace-of-basketball

How one plant spread through the world By Stephanie Martinez

America is a weed nation love it or hate it, you or someone you know inevitably has a deep tie to the ubiquitous herb.With four states now declaring recreational pot legal and 19 more supporting medical marijuana, weed is set to become not just an unavoidable illicit experience but an integral and nonchalant part of our culture. Given its prevalence in modern life it’s only natural that we assume pot been a part of our culture for ages just now coming into light.

Marijuana also known as cannabis pot, herb, grass, bud, ganja, and mary jane. Marijuana has a very long history of human use. Most ancient cultures didn’t grow the plant to get high but as herbal medicine likely starting in Asia around 12,000bc.

Cannabis plants are believed to have evolved on steppes of central asia, specifically in the regions that are now Mongolia and southern Siberia. The history of cannabis use goes back as far as 12,000 years which places the plant among humanity’s oldest cultivated crops. The drug became widely used in India were it was celebrated as one of five kingdoms of herbs which release us from anxiety.

Over the next centuries cannabis migrated to various regions traveling through africa reaching south america in the 19th century and being carried north afterwards eventually reaching north america. After this really long trip throughout the pre- modern and modern worlds. Cannabis finally came to the united states and the beginning of 20th century.

How one plant spread through the world Pdf

The Evolution of Drag by Jojo Ortiz

The Evolution of Drag

by Jojo Ortiz

UNM HSE

Drag has been around for a very long time it originated due to the fact that women were not aloud to perform. the parts of women were played by young men and also in the kabuki dances of japan men are dressed as women. Drag slowly evolved to be one of the most sought out entertainment through the 1900’s till the 1920’s this was called the pansy craze, through this time drag performers flourished.

         At the end of the pansy craze drag was not so in fashion as it use to be. Drag performers had to pass as actual women and go in to underground clubs.Drag has slowly evolved from Divine to Dame Edna to Rupaul. Now Drag has gone mainstream thanks to hit tv show Rupaul’s Drag Race and other subcategory drag shows like Dragula hosted by the Brulett brothers.

       Now there are different sub-categories such as bearded drag queens, fishie queens(fem), manly queens, dramatic(original) drag, monster drag, etc.. After all Drag is art and art is subjective! Drag has indeed become a popular source of entertainment  and now your makeup skills have to be more than good if you want to compete in competitions because not only do they judge you on your makeup and hair but your drag persona who you’re portraying, and how you move on the stage you have to know how to lipsync. You have to know how to make the people laugh and you could make it a living by getting booked at local clubs. Drag is slowly becoming more and more popular and by my guess will be the biggest source of entertainment since the pansy craze.

 

This is RuPaul Charles Star of RuPaul’s Drag Race, she is now a multi-millionaire because she Slayed her way to the top.

      This is Sharon Needles Winner of RuPaul’s Drag Race season 4.

This is Bob The Drag Queen winner of season 8.

This is Sasha Velour winner of RuPaul’s Drag Race season 9, she taught us that bald is beautiful. The people who do drag do it for a reason, and that reason varies from being abandoned to being empowered it just depends on the person and were they came from.

The Evolution of Drag by Jojo Ortiz